Wednesday, 10 April 2013
The Geneva Convention
The Geneva Conventions comprised of four treaties. The first Geneva Convention: "for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field," it defines that there has to be certain protection of the victims of armed conflicts. It was first adopted in 1864, but was updated in 1906, 1929, and 1949. Second Geneva Convention: "for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea," it was first adopted in 1906 but was updated in 1929 and 1949 it applies the main protecting of the First Geneva Convention.Third Geneva Convention: it is relative to the treatment of prisoners of war, it was first adopted in 1929 and updated in 1949. It describes humanitarian protection of POWs. Fourth Geneva Conventio: "relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War," It was adopted in 1949 and explains humanitarian protection for civilians in war zones. These conventions were created for the international humanitarian law, they protect people who are not taking part in the hostilities, those who are no longer taking part in hostilities, the wounded, sick, ship wrecked, and prisoners of war.