Monday, 29 April 2013

Work for April 30 to May 2

You can access the Google Doc at the link below:

Canada in the Post War Era

I strongly suggest that you print out the notes for class on Friday, May 3, 2013.

The Jewish Question

     'The Jewish Question' was the name given to the debate over the appropriate status and treatment of Jews (the debate has been going on since the 17th century).  However in Nazi Germany,1933 'the Jewish Question'  mostly referred to the sense that having Jews in Germany was a problem for the country. This term was also used by advocates to increase antisemitism during Nazi reign in Germany.  When Hitler came to power he decided the Jewish race was going to be totally annihilated he called his plan  'the final solution to the jewish question'.  'The final solution to the jewish question' was the total genocide of the Jews also known as the Holocaust.  Hitler carried out this total genocide with mass open air shootings, concentration camps and extermination camps.  In total around 6  million jews were killed most of which were killed in extermination camps such as Auschwitz and Belzec, where the sole purpose was to kill jews, mainly by gassing them but also from working them to death in poor conditions.

Do you Think Canada's Contributions to D-day were Important?

Do you Think Canada's Contributions to D-day were Important?

Yes I beleive that the Candians contributions to D-day were very important because Canada was the only country to successfully complete there objectives and take control of Juno beach. This beach was the most heavily fortified out of all the 5 sectors the Candians and Allies were to invade on D-day. Since the Canadians were able to take control of Juno beach they were able to bring in re-enforcements through it which gave them a far better chance against the German forces. The Canadians I believed did the best out of all the countries that contributed because they were the only country to complete their objectives which was the reason the Canadians, British and Allies were able to get re-enforcements into Normandy. This eneded up being a huge factor for there forces and were able to defeated the Germans on April 8th 1945. I believe that without Canada Capturing Juno beach during D-day the invasion would have been alot different for the Allies. So as you can see the Canadians contributions on D-day were very important because without them the war could have been alot different and ended in the Germans favour.       

D day

D-day was huge attack that happen in June 1944 that was Canadians against the Germans and it took place in France. During this attack 335 Canadians were killed and 700 were injured just on the first day of the attack which was taking over Juno beach. Canada's plan was to have people in tanks and on the ground. This plan went horribly wrong when only some of the boats showed up with people and others had gone missing and the tanks were late and only one showed up the others lost at sea. Canada did take over the beach though and captured many Germans as prisoners. Canadian soldiers made the best out of the condition's that they had and completed their first mission. This shows that even though many soldiers were lost the attack was still worth it and was a success.

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/featured/juno-beach

Was The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Necessary?

I think the bombing of Hiroshima was necessary, even though there were so many things wrong with it. I can't stand the idea because of all the innocent casualties, but it was sadly necessary. Japan didn't surrender for 3 days after the first bomb, therefore the Allies had to drop another bomb on Nagasaki. The Japanese didn't surrender until 6 DAYS after the second attack because of the threat of a third bombing! If the Allies never dropped those bombs, Japan wouldn't have quit, and would keep going and going and going. Sadly those bombs were entirely necessary, if they were not dropped, the war could have played out very differently.

D-day was a success

D-day was a huge event in world war 2 history that was the beginning of taking over Europe. It was the largest seaborne attack in history that began in June 1944. Many men knew they would not make it off the beach of Juno. Juno was Canada's beach where they landed and began the attack on Europe. In my opinion this attack was a success because their mission was to take over the beaches and get into the town which they did, while taking many Germans captive. Many men are known today as heroes of this fight and helped Canada be as strong and independent as they are now. One way how D-day made Canada more independent was by learning from their mistakes and it gave the soldiers a boost of encouragement because it was a extremely successful attack. Canada captured Germans, fought their way through the beaches and accomplished their task, which lead to a stronger country.
Juno Beach

Juno or Juno Beach was one of five sectors that the allied forces where goin to attack on D-Day. The 3rd Canadian infantry division was responsible for taking over Juno. We were supposed to capture the german airfied which we did. The 3rd Canadian Division's D-Day objectives were to capture Carpiquet Airfield and reach the French railway line by nightfall. The Canadiand were very effective in D-Day because they were the only section to achieve there objectives in the first day. Around 350 dead and 570 wounded but these soilders that lost there lives that day will not be forgotten because without the D-Day would not have been a success
and we would not be the country we are today.


Were the Americans justified in dropping the atomic bombs?

www.bbc.co.uk

On the 6th August 1945 a US B-29 bomber dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, instantly killing around 80'000 people. As the bomb dropped, a lightening flash burst across the sky. In seconds, a giant mushroom cloud of poisonous gases and smoke covered the city. It estimated that more than 75'000 people were killed instantly. Thousands more died from burns and radiation poisoning in the hours, days and weeks followed. When Japan still refused to surrender the US dropped a second bomb on Negasaki three days later. Another 40'000 people died instantly. On 15th August 194, Japan surrendered unconditionally. The effects of the atomic bombs, however, would last for years as over the next decade half a million people died from radiation poisoning. In my opinion I don't think that the Americans were justified in using the atomic bombs because, most of the casualties were effected by the bomb were innocent people caught in a global battle for power and supremacy. This shows that Americans were just looking for power and weren't understanding how it would effect innocent people because because they just wanted to get Japan back for bombing Pearl Harbour. 

"Storming Juno"





One reason what I liked about the video was how the Canadians strategized to take over Juno beach even having to face the obstacles of soldiers getting lost and not knowing where to go. Also how they were succesful of taking the beach over with only one tank.

Another reason would be how motivated the Canadians were to take over the beach. Reason is when they first arrived on shore some soldiers were just running up as far as they can to try and get to the see wall were they were planning to take out the main gun of the german pillbox. The reason why I find this intersesting is it shows how determinded the Canadians were to take over Juno beach.

Google Images






















American Nuclear Weapon

                                                      Americans bombing Japan


         The image above shows the explosion of the nuclear bomb. The one on the left is the bombing at  Hiroshima, and Nagasaki on the right. The making of the bomb created jobs for 75,000 people. This project had to be made within 6 months because the Russians were also trying to create the same bomb, this project was called "The Manhattan Project". The Americans made nuclear bombs to scare the Japanese into surrendering. The Americans were so angry at the Japanese, because they wouldn't surrender even after losing their military camps. The Americans were also angry because the Japanese attacked on their military base, Pearl Harbor  while they were neutral during world war 2. This new invention is what helped the allies win the second world war. The bomb exploded and heat shocks/ wave were created and also the bomb shone brighter, and it was bigger than expected. This nuclear bomb was not tested and scientist wanted to test it before using it for war, but the American government disagreed and used the bomb without testing because of the competition with Russia. I think that the Americans were fair enough when they dropped the bomb because the Japanese wouldn't stubbornly surrender, so they brought this to themselves, although many innocent lives were loss. The Japanese could have prevented this from happening.

Canada on D-Day

I think that Canada's contributions on D-Day were really important. I think this because Canada was given the objective to capture the hardest beach, Juno Beach, it was the heaviest fortified and had the most German troops and still the Canadian troops managed to take control of the beach in one day. This helped the Allied forces because it gave them hope that they could do it too and they also knew they already had part of the coast line so it would be easier to gain control of more. Also the contribution and success on D-Day helped Canada as a nation grow and become more independent because without help, the Canadian forces took the hardest beach and succeeded in there goal before any other Allied force reached there objective which proved we had a strong Army who knew what they were doing. In conclusion this is why I think that Canada's contributions were very important to the success on D-Day and also the growth of our nation.
What did you think of the documentary "Storming Juno"?  

I thought the document Storming Juno was very educational, I learned a lot about the life of a Canadian soldier. I thought it was very realistic when the Canadians stormed Juno beach getting ready to attack the Germans. I think an important part of the movie was when the Sargent left his shelter and ran out to where the machine guns  and snipers were shooting out of the bunker and he managed to stay alive and throw a bomb into the bunker to kill the German snipers. The Sargent saved many men by this brave act and managed to buy some time for the tank to come up the beach and attack many of the Germans. I found that the documentary showed many real life situations and made the people watching understand the war from the soldiers perspectives. I also think the documentary properly portrayed the fact that at the beginning of the attack the Germans were winning and taking out Canadian soldiers one bye one but as the fight went on the Canadians infiltrated the German posts and got the Germans to surrender. 

 

The great depression

When Americas stock market crashed Canada was greatly affected. Many Canadians lost their jobs,homes and all of their money.Once Canadians lost everything they had struggled for awhile but did anything they could to make money for their families. Men would go to camps if they were eligible to do and would only make 20 cent a day but any money was good money at the time. Canadians also tried to vote someone into parliament that seemed to be able to work things out. Though that didn't work out Canadians were still willing to do anything possible to get out of the great depression. Canadians also made many shelters and and private charities to help one another out. Also places that provided entertainment became cheaper. This all shows that the great depression was a very negative time in Canadian history but it also made Canada come together as a nation to grow and become a better nation together.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/37/Kamloops_on_to_Ottawa.jpg

Canada's Contributions to D-day

          Canada contributed as much as they could to D-day, 15 000 Canadians landed at Juno beach 335 of which died that first day as well as 700 men injured. Canada didn't just give men for fighting, but also gave paratroopers, tanks, planes, and anything they could.  Canadian soldiers lost many lives but successfuly stormed and secured Juno beach on D-day. Canadians were able to take previous failures like the Dieppe Raid and learn as much as they could from it, Canada ended up being the only group to meet their objectives on D-day when everyone else failed to complete their tasks. I think Canada's contributions to d-day were very important  because they were smart enough to learn from previous mistakes, but also they never gave up and in the end they were successful.

Juno Beach


www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com
JJuno Beach was one of five Allied invasions of German-occupied France in Normandy on 6 June 1944. This battle consisted of Canada and the United Kingdom against Germany. During this war The allies suffered 359 dead, 574 wounded, and only 47 men captured. On the first day on the Juno Beach invasion. Canada was very Unprepared losing most of their men on the first day. When they got to the beach there was no artillery or tanks on the beach supporting them. All the tanks but 1 that had launched from the ships had either sank or got lost due to extreme weather conditions. Also, when they got onto the beach there was no where to hide, just an open beach. But after some troops got out of the water and up off the beach, they found a way to take out the pill box, and get behind enemy lines. Ultimately  The allies ended up wining the first day by taking 73 prisoners and killing 35 Germans.                                                    

Canada's Contributions to D- Day

Yes, I feel that Canada's contributions to D-Day were important compared to other nations because Canada was an original nation that was part of the alllies.
Canada was an important part to this day, in the end, due to the fact that we were the first of all 5 allied group landings to have secured their own beach. I feel as though, if Canada was not a part of D-Day then the allies would not have been successful in taking over france and regaining control.

So yes Canada's contribution to this day in the war was important because we proved to the other nations that we are an independent nation and we can accomplish whatever is given to us if we really work to it and properly plan it.

Americans and the Atomic Bomb

     When the Americans dropped the atomic bomb on Japan in 1945, it caused a huge disaster. More than
75 000 people died instantly and thousands more died from radiation poisoning in the weeks following. The Americans objective was to get the Japan to surrender, however, even after this disaster, they did not. The Americans decided to drop another bomb. This time, 40 000 people were killed instantly. Japan surrendered; a victory for the Americans, a terrible loss for Japan. Over the next ten years, half a million people would die from the effects of radiation. So, should the Japanese have surrendered after the first bomb which would have resulted in less casualties, and were the Americans justified in dropping the atomic bombs? I think that even though it was against there beliefs, Japan should have surrendered after the first bomb. Japan believed that you should fight till the very end, clearly it didn't work out so well for them. I also believe that the Americans thought it was necessary to drop the bombs to end the war but I think that they could have used a different strategy than to kill hundreds of thousands of civilians. The Americans were smart, but this was a dumb decision and although it ended the war, it caused many casualties and after affects that could have been avoided. 


 This survived both the atomic bombs and is still standing today 





My opinion on the documentary "Storming Juno".

On D-Day, June 6th, 1944, the allies were ready to launch their long- awaited invasion of Europe. The invasion involved close to 1 million British, American, and Canadian troops steaming across the English channel to storm the beaches of France. The allies were determined to keep their plans secret. They wanted to convince Germany that their intended target was Pas de Calais, just 50 kilometers from the English coast, but the real invasion was to take place at Normandy to the south.   The Canadian assault troops stormed ashore facing fierce shootings from the German opposition, with mined beach obstacles. In my opinion I think that the documentary was very effective in helping us understand how hard the Canadians pushed to make sure they had victory at Juno Beach. It was effective because it showed how many men were killed, this shows that Canadian soldiers were willing to risk their lives for victory of another country. Also it showed how many risks were taken in the battle like when the Sargent on the beach risked his life to take out the Germans in the bunker, this showed that he was there to take out the Germans and he was determined to do that. In the end Canada did have victory at Juno beach taking many German soldiers hostage, they showed determination and willingness. 


The Holocaust                                      

the holocaust was a horible event where the Nazi's killed millions of jewish people. It all started in 1933 when Adolf Hitler and the Nazi's came to power. They thought that the german race was supirior and that the jews where a alien threat and should be exterminated. I wasn't only jews that the Nazi's were killing. They also thought that homosexuals, gypsies, and disabled people shouldn't live because they had different believes than the Nazi's. Over all around six million jews and around five hundred thousand other people died. These people were killed in the largest genocide in human history.

The Atomic Bomb

Were the Americans justified in dropping the atomic bomb twice?


I don't think the Americans were justified in dropping the atomic bomb. Although many American soldiers lives were spared because of the atomic bomb, many Japanese casualties had lost there lives. The first bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima, a city of 340,000 people and a military industrial centre. Over 75,000 people were killed, and thousands more died from radiation poisoning. Once Japan refused to surrender the United states dropped another bomb on Nagasaki and 40,000 people were instantly killed. The atomic bombs did result in Japan surrendering, but many innocent lives were lost and the damage the bombs made would last many years. The fall of Japan resulted in the end of the second World War, but I believe they could have won the war by other means resulting in less deaths. 

Dropping the Atomic bombs

After the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan in World War 2, people began wondering if that was justifiable, dropping two nuclear bombs and killing hundreds of thousands of people.  I believe that it was justified because the Japanese had brought the USA into the war by attacking Pearl Harbor.  By bringing them into the war they had to know that there was the possibility that something bad might happen. Also Japan had the chance to surrender multiple times, like when the Germans fell or when the allied forces took over there islands or even after the first bomb was dropped but they didn't so the USA dropped a second bomb. This is one reason I think it was justified another was the damage the Japanese caused. The Japanese destroyed multiple US war ships. They also caused thousands of allied deaths and treated POW's terrible. This is why I think this was the right thing for the US to do, to take revenge and damage cities and destroy war factories and force the Japanese into surrendering. I think without dropping the two nuclear bombs the Japanese wouldn't have surrendered causing a lot more allied deaths.

Were the Americans justified in dropping the atomic bomb?

Were the Americans justified in dropping the atomic bomb?

           I believe that the Americans were justified to drop the atomic bomb but they shouldn't of droppped it on Japanese civilians. I think it was wrong of the Japanese to attack Pearl Harbour because at that time the United States was neutral and barely supported the Allies. The Americans had the right to retaliate because the Japanese should of been punished for bringing the Americans into the war. However the bombs the USA used were to powerful to be used on civilians. The first bomb dropped on Hiroshima "directly [killed] an estimated 80,000 people. By the end of the year, injury and radiation brought total casualties to 90,000–140,000" (www.wikipedia.org). A bomb this large should have been dropped on a miltary base and should have been smaller. The two bombs killed 100,000's and most of these people were innocent Japanese civilians. There was no need to drop such big atomic bombs on these two cities which were destroyed by the blast. I think the Americans were justified to drop the bomb but they should have dropped it somewhere else or made it smaller.  

The Holocaust

                                        
    
         I believe the Holocaust was the single most horrific event in the history of all humanity. This is because over 5 000 000 jewish people were murdered just because they were jewish. It is hard to think about such an evil time in history. However there are many lessons we can learn so history doesnt get repeated, such as how powerful false propaganda can be. The Nazi party needed someone to blame the great depression and the loss of world war one on so they chose the jews. They then put up false propaganda that made the public hate jewish people. I personally think an event like this wont happen again because of social media, it is so easy to communicate with people halfway across the world now, if this tool had of been in place in the 30's and 40's I believe the holocoast wouldnt have happened. I now dedicate this post to all the Jewish peopkle who lost there lives from this evil event.

Womens Wartime Role

Women had a big role in the War. When all the men went away to the war their was a shortage of worker so the government recruited women into the paid workforce. At first they only targeted un married women that were young but by 1943 they were targeting all women. This made it so that women were allowed to improve their social and economic status by having money to do stuff like go to the movies and they also then got to work together improving their social status. Even though the women worked as hard as the men and as efficiently as the men do they still go paid less than the men. When the war ended most of the women just went back to their traditional roles at home. Some of the women did resist and planted seeds for women's rights movements. This shows that women go treated differently than men even though they shouldn't have because they did the same work and that women were a big help in the war times by taking on the men's job when they went to war.

Americans and the atomic bombings on Japan

In the year of 1945 America began creating atomic bombs in secret. By July of 1945 they dropped the first atomic bomb in New Mexico as a tester and it was a success. Soon later the US dropped a bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki 3 days later. These bombs killed a total of 62 million civilians that didn't need to die. The after affects of the bomb was radiation poisoning that slowly killed people throughout a few years, as well as a possibility of a million of Americas own soldiers being killed when invading Japan.  In my opinion they should not have dropped the bomb at all. They got too enraged with Japan killing thousands of their soldiers and went way to far with bombings and millions of innocent people being killed. 


The photo shows how large and horrible this bomb was and it also shows how wide and high  the explosion was, which proves how many people were killed from the massive atomic bombs dropped into Japan. 
Overall I think that dropping the bombs at all was a huge mistake and should have been avoided, because of all the deaths and poisoned innocent people. 

Canadians on The Home Front

Canadians on the home front contributed in many different way. One way was that women would get jobs in factories building planes tanks ammunition and more to supply the allied forces. After the men left for war there was no one to make the tanks and planes they needed so women got jobs to help with the war and help the allies win. another way they helped was by buying war bonds to help with the war. Canadians were told to give 10 percent of there pay checks the day they got them. the Government used multiple different propaganda posters to convey this message to Canadians. One had a Soldiers shooting a gun at planes and the caption says "you can't afford to miss either" and at the bottom it says "Buy War Bonds Every Payday"
this is saying that Canadians can't afford to miss buying war bonds because if they do they won't win the war.

Friday, 26 April 2013

Blogging Ideas for April 29

I know that a lot of you struggle with WHAT to blog about.  Here are some ideas:

1.  Were the Americans justified in dropping the atomic bomb?  Twice?
2.  Research the treatment of Canadian veterans after World War II.  How were they treated?  What rights should veterans be entitled to?
3.  Do you think Canada's contributions to D-Day were important?  What about compared to other nations?
4.  What did you think of the documentary "Storming Juno"?  Why did you think this?

Wednesday, 24 April 2013

D-DAY

 

                                     Map of the Allies Invasion on the Beaches of France
 
Close to one million troops whom were the Americans, British, Canadians steamed across the English Channel to storm the beaches of France. This attack was planned for 2 years. The allies wanted to keep the attack a secret, so they mislead the Germans into thinking that they were attacking Pas De Calais, but the actual attack was on Normandy. This attack began on the midnight of June 6, 1944. The three allied nations had their own beaches to conquer. The Americans had the Omaha and Utah beaches, the British had the Gold and Sword beaches, meanwhile, Canada had the Juno beach. Although the Canadians had to conquer the strongest German defended area, the Canadians pushed over France more than any allied men. Despite the casualty death rate of 1/15 soldiers per day, Canadians secured Juno beach, "the Canadians had secured Juno beach-the only allied force to achieve its goal on the first day" (Quinlan et. al). This attack had helped Canadian gain its independence because it demonstrated that Canada is an invincible nation.

S.S St.Louis

This documentary on the S.S St.Louis ship in the 1930's show how unhelpful Canada was in world war 2 to the Jewish and were only thinking of themselves. It shows how desperate the people on the ship were and how they would've went anywhere to be save. The fact that a passenger would rather kill himself that go back to Europe shows how bad it was over there for them. Canada was lead on fear at this time. They didn't let the Jews into Canada because they were afraid of what would happen if they did. This shows that Canada wasn't a very strong country at this time. More than half the people ended up dying when they got back to Europe. That could have been prevented if Canada or any other country's had taken in the Jewish people and weren't so scared of what would happen if they would've taken them in. The fact that Canada also didn't allows Jewish refugees to come into Canada for two years also shows that they were scared of what would happen. Canada could have definitely taken some of the Jews in to the country to help them survive.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/stlouis.html

Thursday, 18 April 2013

Hitler vs Stalin Which killed the most people


http://socialismoryourmoneyback.blogspot.ca/2009_12_01_archive.html


Joseph Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union (Russia) from the mid 1920's to 1953. In this time, Stalin had upward of 20 million people killed. Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Nazi Party and Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945. In this time period, Hitler had killed upward of 21 million people. Stalin may have been in power longer but Hitler had more people killed in less time. He also started World War 2, which Stalin would later enter in favour of Hitler. This ended when Hitler turned on him. Hitler's army spread throughout Europe and gained control of 85-90% of the country. After evaluating these facts you can see that Hitler was the cause of more deaths than Stalin. 

Fear in Canada's Propaganda


                                         
During World War Two I think the government's approach to getting people to help in the war effort was fear.  In the victory bonds advertisement above it shows a lady holding her baby and they're being grabbed by hands with enemy symbols on them,  this represents how the enemy will attack Canada's people unless you buy victory bonds.  Much like the second picture which shows an enemy Japanese man who is attacking a woman.  The advertisement's point is that if you don't buy war bonds the Japanese will attack and harm Canada and its citizens.  Both these advertisements are images of frightening situations which contain a simple solution, buy war/victory bonds.  The government used scary propaganda to frighten the people of Canada into doing what they wanted them to do.

Was it fair?

        During WW2 there was a shortage of workers, to fix this, the Government campaigned to recruit women into paid workforce. This is an image of women working in the factories. In my opinion the Government was not fair to the many female engineers who were asked or volunteered to take the male soldiers' work positions for the remaining time of WW2.  The women who worked in the factories were treated disrespectfully by the remaining men, they would scream at the women while training and the females were payed less money for the same amount of hard work. The men thought that working in the factories was a "man's world," and that their woman should be working at home and taking care of children. After working in poor conditions; without masks to block black smoke, working in noisy positions and having to wear goggles, the many women were laid off at the end of war-time. I don't think women should've been laid off because a woman can do any job a man can, and in fact they seemed to be more efficent with their work, and were happy to come in everyday they were needed. I think the women should've had the choice to leave or stay the "man's workplace." Some women even resisted and started Women's Rights Campaigns. Therefore, it was NOT fair for the women who worked in the factories during WW2, for their disrespected treatment, poor conditions, less money paid compared to men and being laid off without choice.



http://www.pophistorydig.com/?tag=women-factory-workers

Canadian Home Front

Since many men were off at war the government need to recruit women into factories to do the work of a man. They only targeted unmarried women, but even married women found away around that role by lying about their families. By many these jobs were seen only as temporary, men did not believe that women were capable of doing the job. Women thought they were better workers than the men because they showed up to work everyday. Although the women were not paid the same as men they did the job anyway, and well. If women weren't working on factories they were working on farms, sewed uniforms for soldiers, and worked for the Canadian Red Cross. When the war was coming to an end the women started to be laid off. Even before the war had ended because there wasn't the same need for supplies. When the war ended the women gave their jobs back to the men who had worked there before. Most women were fine about giving the job back, but others were devastated. The war is what planted the seeds for the women's rights movement.   

Canadians on the homefront

Canadians on the homefront were very contributive. People rationed their food so it could be sent overseas to help the men fighting. Rationing their food made it hard for Canadians on the homefront to get sugar, butter, eggs and other scarce food items. Another way Canadians contributed was by collecting scrap metal and donating anything they weren't using like old cookware, clothing, etc.. Their donations would help make guns and other war materials needed. Canadians could also donate blood and buy victory bonds to support the war. Farmer's wives and children had to take over the farm in order to grow the food needed for the war effort. Mothers and children worked together planting, harvesting crops, caring for livestock and milking cows. There was also women's organizations during world war two. These organizations made quilts, bandages, and clothing for men overseas, they also collected and sent books, newspapers and special treats to military hospitals. The main organization called "The Women’s Institutes" also had a “Central War Charities Fund” that raised millions of dollars during the Second World War. Also women worked in factories, whether it was canning preserved fruits and vegetables to send overseas or making weapons for the soldiers, women contributed a lot at the homefront. I think we wouldn't have been as successful during ww2 if it wasn't for the help of the women on the homefront, because they kept farms and factories going while the men were off fighting.
http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/feature/women/history/homefront

Was the Raid on Dieppe a Failure or Success ?


Raid On Dieppe 1942


The Raid on Dieppe was one of the most important and crutial points in World War II for the Allies and I believe was also a military failure for the Canadian Forces. On August 19th 1942 5000 Canadian troops and 6100 Allied troops tried to attack the Germans in a small town on the coast of France called Dieppe. The raid didnt start off well because a German convoy had alerted the German Forces about the Allies plans which caused them to delay the raid until daylight. The battle lasted for over 9 hours causing 913 Canadian casualties and 1950 to be taken for prisoners. I believe this raid was a failure because the Candians suffered to many casulties

Propaganda Observations


While browsing WWII propaganda made by the allies I came across these three pieces. I find them interesting because both demonstrate confidence in the allies' powerful united force, but Canada is not really recognized as a heavy hitter in them. This was strange because after our unit on Canada's development of independence during WWI, we had come to the conclusion that our nation had made itself a name as a strong fighting force and a recognized country on the global stage. We certainly contributed to the second World War, having over 700'000 men enlist during the war over 40'000 being casualties and over 8'000 being POWs. Was power a greater cause for recognition than dedication was? I believe that it is concerning the image of the allied forces because the main powers featured in these posters are Russia, Britain and The United States. This is made evident by the largest, or foremost cannons in the first poster (right) being these nations, as well as the only three forces defeating Hitler (below) being these nations as well. Perhaps Canada was still being recognized nationally as a tag-a-long of Britain's, as suggested by the third piece of propaganda I found (bottom right). Britain is described as a mighty lion (shown by the cigar representing Churchill's leadership and the royal crown), whereas Canada is shown as a beaver, much smaller in size and far less menacing. It also wears a helmet and wields a sword showing its fighting capabilities, but wears a sash to display its identity which again leads me to believe that our identity wasn't as clear in WWII than we had hoped. These pieces of propaganda leave me questioning Canada's success in developing their identity after WWI.













Images from: http://scones.wikispaces.com/Art+From+WWII Hitler
http://www.polishgreatness.com/warpropagandb.html Cannons
http://fortmissoulamuseum.org/index.php Beaver

Mackenzie King and the Conscription


Mackenzie King


One reason the Mackenzie King and the Conscription was my favorite documentary to watch is how Mackenzie King tried to keep the French Canadians happy by not using conscription to get soldiers into WWII. In the end Mackenzie King had no choice but to use conscription forcing thousands of soldiers to enlist at the age of 18.

Another reason is when Mackenize King forced the Conscription law that all males at the age of 18 must go to war in which lead to the minister of defense James Layton Ralston being forced by King to resign. Then King assignied Andrew McNaughton who failed to get soldiers to volunteer in the war against Nazi Germany.

Propoganda

In my opinion Canada used propaganda more effectively than the other countries. Reasons why is that Canada actually looked at how they could relate to the people and what popular things could inspire the community. Canada used cartoons, films and strong famous women. 

The image is of Ronnie the bren gun girl who was a courageous women that inspired many women to join the factories and be just like her; successfully, helpful in the war efforts and beautiful. Canada used her in many adds to incise the women to help in factories. Canada also used Disney movies and the character's to get a popular well known character spreading good news and spreading things that the people should do in an entertaining way, like the video we watched in class that was by Disney and how people should buy War Bonds. 

Hitler's use of propaganda

Who used propaganda the most effectively? Hitler? Churchill? Stalin? Canada? Japan?

In my expert opinion Hitler used propaganda the most effectively. During the war against Russia Hitler had the fights recorded. Although Hitler's soldiers weren't prepared to fight in the cold weather, the propaganda experts made it seem as though Germany was winning the war by piecing the videos together. These secret videos of Germany winning the war were played in movie theatres around Germany and the people believed that Hitler was leading the men to victory. This was effective because it gave the people of Germany hope that Hitler was going to lead them to victory in the war. Hitler had also met with his soldiers and saw how they were doing, this meeting was photographed and the pictures were shown around Germany.



Dieppe Raid

       The Dieppe Raid.
 

The raid took place on the northern coast of France on 19 August 1942. The assault began at 5:00 a.m. and by 10:50 a.m. the Allied commanders were forced to call a retreat. The battle consisted of Canada, United kingdom and Polish Forces in the West attacking Germany on French lines, with a total of 6100 troops.In my eyes, The battle of Dieppe was not a success. First of all, some of the allies ship got lost delaying the attack, and it also took of the surprise factor because they had to wait till morning to attack. Also they didn't surprise the Germans with any Ariel attack.  Finally when the attack got under way  the allies tanks couldn't get up past the beach because they were getting stuck in the sand so they were just open targets to destroy. During this attempt at a raid, the allies served heavy casualties and loss of troops. More pacifically around 900 dead and 2000 troops captured. One force that attacked lost 96% of the men in their squadron. One of the main objectives was to maintain duration of the French west coast.      

The Dieppe Raid Disaster

                                           The Dieppe Raid  

                                             File:Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-362-2211-04, Dieppe, Landungsversuch, englischer Sp√§hpanzer.jpg
                                                    This image is copied from: Wikipedia

                                       The Dieppe Raid was a disaster, the allies were very unprepared. The allies were spotted on the English channel by the Germans. As a result,  the allies' landing had to be postponed for the daylight.  The image shown above is the allies' tank. The tanks were suppose to support the troops, but it sunk on the beach. Many Canadians lost their lives fighting and many also became prisoners of war because of this raid, "While many men were lost and the raid did not meet most of the objectives, many historians feel that the lessons learned played an important role in the success of later actions" ( veterans.gc.ca). This attack pretty much was test on the German's defences. This improved the Allies landing techniques and the major positive result of this raid was, the Allies gave the French some hope and this raid sent a deep message to the French about how they are not forgotten. This raid strongly shaped the English and French's relationship.

Women's Wartime Role

During World War two women were no longer just expected to run the house they were now asked to join the workforce working in the factories to take over the positions of the men who left for war.  The government campaigned to recruit women into paid workforce, they began targeting unmarried women but by 1943 had began to recruit all women.  Women would work in factories producing ammunition for the war.  The decision to bring women into the work force had made the first step in creating the Royal Commission on the Status of Women, this government sponsored group began fighting for women and men to have equal rights.  
   Once the war began winding to an end women were laid off and were supposed to go back to their regular duties tending to the house and family.  This left some women devastated but others said they they were happy to return to regular life but regardless they all made the best of it.  Without the women taking on these roles and responsibilities we wouldn't have been as successful in the war as we were, and who knows what would of happened to women''s rights today if they never took part in the war efforts.
Who used Propaganda most effectively?  

www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org
 In my opinion I think that Hitler used propaganda the most effectively. I think this because as a leader Hitler showed that he was part of the people. He also gave his people hope and boosted moral around the country in such a bad time of the War. 

Hitler's use of propaganda was to meet his soldiers on the front line. By pictures that were taken of this the people of his army were able to feel hope and this boosted moral in the country striving the soldiers to fight harder, want victory and have the state of mind that they could win the war.

Hitler's approach of propaganda, in my opinion, was very effective because the people of Germany now had hope and also faith in their leader, and this is what they needed. They needed the faith in their leader to push harder in battle and to be hopeful in victory. It was important that Hitler made his people feel like they had a chance at winning the War as his goal was to take over Europe he needed all the help he could get. 

Dieppe Raid

In my opinion I think that the Raid on Dieppe was not a military success due to the fact that we lost over half of our men and had no plans on how we were going to attack and how they planned on moving up the land with tanks that had no space to move because of the wall that separated to land from the water front.
At the same time I also think that the raid was a success because even though we lost a lot of our men and had to surrender we still benefited from the raid in the future. The raid was helpful for future battles, we ended up winning the battle of D-Day, the battle of Stalingrad against the Germans to regain more power thanks to the raid. Due to the failure at Dieppe the Battle of Ortona was a success because they remembered how bad the element of surprise was, and their plans were with the tanks on the front so they rethought how to get through the towns to finally over take the Germans, the Italian Campaign was also a success because of new techniques and that were later used for urban warfare.
In the end the Canadians had taken over Rome, and Ortona in result of the changes that they made in their surprise of attack, and their techniques to gain back control.

Women in World War 2

The women in world war 2 had many responsibilities beyond caring for their families and doing housework. In the factories since many of the men were sent off to war and were fighting for Canada there was a shortage of workers, so the women stepped up. At the beginning Canada's government targeted to recruit single and young women and by 1943 they recruited all aged women. This choice to let women work in the factory was a big step in beginning the Royal Commission on the Status of Women Act which was a government run group that began allowing women rights. Allowing women into the factories didn't only give them jobs but also an income that was there own that they earned and could spend, even though they made less money than men doing the same jobs they still made a moderate amount that gave them a social and economic status.

The picture above shows women making ammunition and supplies for war showing that the men did the fighting while the women made the tools they fought with. In my opinion allowing women to work in the time of World War 1 really set Canada's identity as having confidence in girls and that they could actually achieve more success than many men thought. Without allowing women to work we wouldn't have come so far in allowing women such human rights in the year 2013, so this act was a huge step beginning women's rights.

Who used propaganda the most effectively?

Who used propaganda the most effectively?

From www.brainz.org an example of German Propaganda


        During World War Two I believe that the Germans used propaganda the most effectively compared to the other countries in the war. Propaganda is defined by www.wikipedia.org as "a form of communication that is aimed towards influencing the attitude of a community toward some cause or position by presenting only one side of an argument". Adolf Hitler used propaganda to influence many Germans to believe in him and to take control of Europe. Operation Barbarossa was the codename used to invade the Soviet Union on June 22nd, 1941. Hitler sent out an order to video tape the whole invasion and to capture every moment. He then collected the film and manipulated it to seem that the invasion was extremely easy. He advertised this propaganda all over Germany to trick people into thinking his army was very powerful and nothing could stop them. This was not all true the German invasion was not as easy as Hitler made it look. In the Winter of 1941 the German Army suffered a large amount of casualties because they weren't well equipped for the Russian Winter. They eventually were pushed back out of Russia back to Berlin in 1945. Hitler influenced almost everyone in Germany to think that their Army was unstoppable and that they were the best. I think that the Germans used propaganda the most effectively because they tricked so many people and all the other fighting countries didn't use this tool as well.

The Raid on Dieppe

In my opinion the Raid on Dieppe was successful. This is an image of the Raid, our soldiers preparing for battle and helping those who are wounded. Us Canadians had a good amount of armed soldiers and were able to reach some set objectives, like the ones on the Western Flank. Our soldiers were able to reach the bullet-sweep streets of Dieppe and follow strategies.  And we were also successful at destorying the enemy gun batteries. Although the attack wasn't as successful as planned because we were unable to successfully undergo our sneak attack delaying any "surprise," and some men were captured, we were able to obtain quality battle experience. This taught the Allies that much stronger military forces were requirewd to break through the German Coastal defences. So overall, the Raid wasn't as successful as planned BUT it was successful in my point of view because of the learning experiences our soldiers went through, which lead to the VICTORY of D-day! 



http://www.google.ca/imgres?hl=en&biw=1366&bih=540&tbm=isch&tbnid=rhh6ZOQJMCoBXM:&imgrefurl=http://www.canadaatwar.ca/page53.html&docid=PPjLedTuKmQICM&imgurl=http://www.wwii.ca/photos/dieppe/dieppe_2.jpg&w=640&h=486&ei=JQpwUZDuI62q4AO9nIGQBw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=155&page=1&tbnh=144&tbnw=178&start=0&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:0,i:97&tx=39&ty=101

Canadian Propaganda and Women



   This is a picture that the Canadian Government used to get women to work in factories. It is a picture showing a feminine woman with a gun. This shows how the women could still be women but could handle the same things that the men did. It was used to encourage women to work in the factories while the men went to war. I think that they were the most effective using propaganda because many women chose to work in the factories and enjoyed working there when they saw that they could still be feminine yet work in a factory.Women volunteered to work in factories and still maintained their feminine appeal which was what the government had aimed for. The government targeted women so the men could leave their jobs and go to war leaving women to take their place. Since many women did take the jobs at factories, i think Canada was the most effective using propaganda. 

The Raid on Dieppe 1942

                                                             The Raid on Dieppe 1942
                                       
The raid on Dieppe in 1942 was a crutial point in the war and I believe it was a military succes. The reason why this raid took place was to win back France to open and eastern front because the Soviet's were suffering heavy losses. By opening a second front the nazis could be drawn away from the wesern front and the nazis could be easier to defeat because there would be less german men on each front. So on August 19th 1942 the alies landed on the beaches, they sufferend heavy losses however with this tremendous sacrifice they learned a great deal of knowledge which would benefit them greatly on D day almsot 2 years later. If this raid did not take place, the allies would have got crushed 2 years later when they tried again, the reality is if they didnt send these men at first, the allies wouldn't have known that they needed naval as well as aerial bombardemnt, better equipment, and more experience. For this 1 reason, I believe the raid on Dieppe was a militay succes.